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Niigata City

 The City of Niigata, the capital of Niigata Prefecture, faces the Japan Sea on the island of Honshu—the largest of the four islands that comprise Japan. With a population of 810,000, Niigata is the largest Honshu City along the Japan Sea coast. The city is located at 300 kilometers (186 miles) northwest of Tokyo—a two-hour train ride on the Joetsu shinkansen (bullet train).

 Situated on the Echigo Plain, the city is traversed by two great rivers—the Shinanogawa and the Aganogawa. The central city area where the Shinanogawa enters the sea is known as Minatomachi (“Port City”). This area served as a major port of call for the cargo ships that sailed the Japan Sea during the Edo Period, and today still plays an important role as a center of trade and cultural exchange. This continuous activity and the city’s unique history have fostered the development of a distinctive and thriving culture.
A domestic port during the Edo Period, the city became an international port in 1858, when Japan signed treaties with five countries—including the US and Great Britain—opening the country to foreign trade. In addition to Niigata, four other cities also became international ports at this time: Hakodate, Yokohama, Kobe, and Nagasaki.

 Because the Echigo Plain is very fertile, the city has also developed as an important agricultural area. Farms outside the central city produce a wide variety of fruits, vegetable, livestock products, flowers, and ornamental plants. In particular, the area is well know for its production of Japan’s most popular variety of rice, Koshihikari.

 Like other large cities, Niigata is easily accessed—served by an international airport, the seaport, bullet and local trains, and numerous expressways. At the same time, the city offers a fascinating local culture, lovely farmland, and a wide variety of local produce. It’s a great place to visit.

Basics

Population 810,000
Area 726.1 sq. km (280.3 sq. miles)
Coordinates 37°54′58.3"N 139°2′11"E
Roughly the same latitude as San Francisco, Tianjin (China), and Lisbon
Get Around ■Joetsu bullet train (shinkansen) Tokyo to Niigata
■Niigata International Airport
■Expressways: Hokuriku, Banetsu, and Nihonkai Tohoku
■Port of Niigata

Map of Niigata

Climate

Annual Temperatures (°C)

(2000 to 2013)

Temperatures (°C) and Precipitation (mm)

  Daily Mean Average
High
Average
Low
Precipitation
(mm)
Jan 2.8 5.6 0.4 175.6
Feb 3 6.3 0.1 117.2
Mar 5.9 10.1 2.2 120.2
Apr 11.4 15.9 7.3 92.9
May 16.8 21.3 13.1 88.5
Jun 21.2 25.1 18.1 128.3
Jul 24.9 28.5 22.2 224.3
Aug 26.9 30.8 23.7 138.1
Sep 23.2 27.1 19.8 150.1
Oct 17 20.9 13.4 171.8
Nov 10.7 14.5 7.3 230.8
Dec 5.4 8.5 2.6 233.8

Annual Temperatures (°F)

(2000 to 2013)

Temperatures (°F) and Precipitation (in.)

  Daily Mean Average
High
Average
Low
Precipitation
(in.)
Jan 37 42.1 32.7 175.6
Feb 37.4 43.3 32.2 117.2
Mar 42.6 50.2 36 120.2
Apr 52.5 60.6 45.1 92.9
May 62.2 70.3 55.6 88.5
Jun 70.2 77.2 64.6 128.3
Jul 76.8 83.3 72 224.3
Aug 80.4 87.4 74.7 138.1
Sep 73.8 80.8 67.6 150.1
Oct 62.6 69.6 56.1 171.8
Nov 51.3 58.1 45.1 230.8
Dec 41.7 47.3 36.7 233.8

Niigata Visitors & Convention Bureau

6-894-1 Nishibori Maedori Chuo-ku, Niigata-City
951-8062 Japan
Phone +81-25-223-8181
Fax +81-25-223-9100

Explorer Niigata City
Prices, business hours, and other details shown on this site are subject to change.

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